In A Multiple-Vehicle Car Crash—How Is Liability Determined?

car crash

Among the different issues and legal matters that you can experience in your lifetime, nothing is quite as confusing as dealing with a situation involving a multi-vehicle crash. Especially so when it comes to determining who exactly is at fault.

If you’ve been in a multi-vehicle road accident, you’re most likely familiar with just how complicated things can get when it comes to the legal side of things. With multiple disgruntled people involved and a mountain of expenses on the table, things can get quite tense and make it much harder to establish who’s at fault.

When you assess the aftermath of a vehicle accident, matters can be quite challenging in terms of securing compensation for your injuries, property damage, and other kinds of losses. Considering that the driver who caused the accident themselves will be responsible for paying compensation to the other victims involved, however, it’s best to assume that your sights should be set on determining liability.

How Is Liability Determined?

In the state of Oregon, establishing liability is crucial because it is a “fault-based” state concerning rulings on vehicle accidents—which means that parties responsible for such accidents must pay compensation to other victims. 

The process of determining liability in a multi-vehicle road accident begins by using various pieces of evidence. Concerned authorities and parties involved in a multi-vehicle collision must submit evidence in various forms to help establish the facts concerning the case. These are the most common types of proof that are instrumental for any investigation: 

  • Statements from eyewitnesses
  • Photographs that were taken at the scene of the crash
  • The police report
  • Driver confessions
  • Video surveillance from nearby cameras
  • Vehicle “black box” data
  • Mobile device data

Once evidence is collected, authorities and drivers involved will have to work with a skilled accident reconstruction expert that will help establish exactly what happened. These professionals are critical in determining liability as they are trained to use scientific and mathematical principles to recreate an incident, show angles of crashes, and determine possible causes. 

What Happens after Liability Is Determined?

After much deliberation and back and forth, there will come a time where liability is finally determined, and the party that caused the accident will be held liable for compensating everyone for their troubles. In general, multi-vehicle accidents are pinned on a single party. However, there are certain cases where two or more drivers or parties are at fault and will be required to compensate everyone affected by their negligence.

In Oregon, road accidents are deliberated upon through the use of a modified comparative negligence system. This means that drivers can recover compensation even if they are partially at fault for a crash. If they are less than 51% at fault for an accident, their compensation will be deducted by an amount proportional to their liability.

Whether you’re partially responsible for an incident or completely innocent and absolved of all fault, the only step that you’ll need to follow after liability is to seek compensation. It is worth noting, however, that it is best practice to enlist the services of a legal expert—such as Kang Law Group’s professionals—that can help you circumvent the processes involved in the claim process.


Finding yourself in a predicament where you’re a victim of a multiple-vehicle car crash can legally challenging because of how difficult it can be to determine liability. Fortunately, following the proper steps in the process from start to finish will make a world of difference in your claiming process and ensure that you end up getting compensated for all accident costs.

Kang Law Group is a team of accident lawyers in Beaverton that provides injury compensation guidance for anyone looking to get what is owed to them. Get in touch with us today to learn more about our services!

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